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What is the Difference Between Rust Removers and Rust Converters?

The unsightly reddish brown stain on your brand name tools is a sign that it needs some decent rust treatment. So to remove it from metal, you have two options: you can either use a removal product or a converter.

Although these treatment products have the same goal – and that is to remove rust from metal – they achieve this in totally different ways. So comparing converters with removal products is much like comparing apples and oranges. They may be in the same class of products, but they both work in their own special way.

Rust Converters

As the name implies, converters work to remove rust from metal objects by converting the iron oxide (i.e., “rust”) into a harmless and inert compound. Curiously enough, the Rust Paint resulting inert compound even provides some form of protection from corrosion.

The key ingredient in most converters is phosphoric acid. This acts by binding with the iron oxide to form a new compound − iron phosphate. You’ll know when the rust has been totally converted into iron phosphate when its reddish brown tinge turns black.

The advantage of phosphoric acid is that it leaves a protective coat of iron phosphate. This inert and harmless compound prevents rusting. Iron phosphate isn’t durable and you will need to use a product specific to surface protection.

The common practice is to add a coat of anti-rust paint to the treated metal surface. This ensures that no further corrosion will take place as long as the topcoat is intact.

The main advantage of using converters as a treatment method is it saves you from the tedious work of scraping every bit of the red stuff from the affected metal surface. The traditional approach of removal is some elbow grease and a considerable amount of patience.

In using a converter, all you have to do is to scrape off any loose red flakes and then apply the converter paint over the corroded area. Then wait for the converter product to do its job (usually overnight to 24 hours, depending on the extent of the corrosion).

Once the corrosion turns completely from reddish brown to black then you know that the converter has already neutralized the iron oxide into an inert and harmless compound. All you have to do now is to add a layer or two of topcoat and you’re done for the day.

Rust Removers

Unlike converters, removal products require some serious elbow grease to remove rusting stains from metal surfaces. This is the traditional method. This means that you have to remove every bit from the metal surface using a removal product to help you get the job done.

The purpose of the remover is to help you speed things up by using a very powerful acid to remove any iron oxide (a.k.a. “rust”) still clinging to the metal surface. No chemical transformation takes place as in the case of converters.

To remove rust from metal, you start by applying the remover to the corroded area. The acid then reacts with the iron oxide particles causing it to separate from the metal surface. Most removers use oxalic acid as its active ingredient. Unfortunately, oxalic acid is a highly toxic chemical and should be used with extreme caution.


How To Choose A Wedding Photographer For Your Wedding

How to Choose Your Wedding Photographer

As your wedding day is booked, the venue, the car, and all those good things that make your wedding day a day to remember, and in that list one of the most important things to remember to do is to book the photographer. It is his or her duty to capture those precious moments on in your wedding photographs that you will have for the rest of your life. But when it comes to choosing your photographer how can you be sure you have found the right one?

Interview Your Wedding Photographers

A good photographer will know how to get the best from the wedded couple and their guests and will be able to select the best light and backgrounds for the photographs. When you meet a photographer who may potentially be the photographer for your wedding, ask about creativity Honolulu Photographers and his or her suggestion for creating the wedding album in terms of style of images. The photographer you choose has a role that goes beyond simply taking pictures. A good photographer will know how to create opportunities and scenarios that will create interesting and fun images. Remember, your idea of fun may not be the same as your photographer. For example, at a recent wedding I photographed the Bride was picked up and held by the Groom and the Groom’s Men and the Father’s of the Bride and Groom while she reclined in their arms. This is a common image, but not one that I personally would ever suggest as it is just not my idea of either a nice image or a fun thing to do. However, it is what they wanted and I was happy to go along with the show.

Your Photographer’s Personality

This brings me to the next important thing to remember, the wedding is your day, not the photographers, this is a day for you to have fun and have a good time. People relate differently various personality types. Choose a friendly wedding photographer that can make you smile, one who can sense the mood of the guests and allow things to flow naturally and with a sense of joy for the occasion. This will make photographs look more natural and relaxed.

Try to have a pre-wedding photo shoot, this will help you to understand your photographer and more importantly him to understand you and how you feel in front of the camera. With the exception of your partner you will spend more time with the photographer than with any one else on the day of your wedding, so make sure you can get on well with him or her.

Evaluate Portfolios

What is the most beautiful picture in the world? You may have an answer, but another person may disagree with you because the answer is subjective. The old saying is true ‘beauty is in the eye of the beholder.’ The portfolio of any good wedding photographer will look good to most people; you must make sure it looks good to you. Look at their portfolio to make sure that the photographer’s style reflects your own style and creativity. If a set of images or a sample album looks good, ask to see all the photographs from that wedding. If the photographer has visited you at your home and this requires a seconded visit, then so be it.

Humanity and Technology: The Alliance

We never had that affiliation” (Lohnes). Nichole despises the manner in which that her school requests that she had more contact with development than she is comparative Visit Website. Notwithstanding, she explains that as she started doing those school online assignments so frequently she came to comprehend that they were not irrationally horrible.

One of her issues anyway with development is that she had begun from Puerto Rico about a year sooner entering school and that she never expected to use the PC such an extraordinary sum there. The articles relates that different students like Nichole have yielded that they are “reluctant advancement customers” (Lohnes) The article needs to explain, essentially, that though a large number individuals would expect that understudies support development and are currently familiar with it,” that supposition that is broken” (Lohnes).

On the other hand, the article “What Screenagers Say About… ” High school age understudies were gotten some data about what they thought of development anyway most conveyed leaning toward it. One of them said about PowerPoint: “My history teacher worked brilliantly with Power Points. He would put them on the web, which made for very staggering studies.” (Screneagers, 2011) Others conveyed how development was genuinely what their character is and that teachers should grasp for example that when they message in class, they are not being impolite anyway that they have gotten familiar with performing different undertakings. Another understudy invites teachers to not fear development “Instructors shouldn’t fear advancement. Understand that it’s the methods by which we live our lives. So don’t just drive it out. Make sense of how to adjust to us and how we work.” (Screenagers, 2011)

Another understudy in any case, conveyed how she slants toward less troublesome development that her teacher approves of as opposed to bleeding edge that the educator doesn’t control well “The most huge thing for instructors is to approve of what they’re using. It shouldn’t be exceptionally front line. My math teacher used a projector, and it was one of my favored classes. By then I would go to this distinctive class where the teacher used Power Points and the SMART board, anyway I didn’t get whatever else consequently since she wasn’t content with the advancement” (Screenagers, 2011) Students discussed their appreciation in every practical sense a wide scope of development used in the investigation corridor. Another said “One of my teachers used Skype. That is eye to eye coordinated effort. If I had an issue with some math issue I was tackling, I could snap a photograph of it and put it on the Skype screen. She could see where I was submitting my mistake. It really helped.” (Screenagers, 2011) above all those auxiliary school understudies expected to tell instructors that they genuinely like advancement and that it is starting at now a remarkable bit of their step by step plan yet that it must be used properly with the objective for them to welcome it.

What’s the Four Nations Rugby


Not to be confused with the six countries of Union, take a look at the alternative tournament of Rugby League.



The Four Nations is a leading league tournament featuring four of the most powerful sides in the sport. The inclusion of a nation watched the makes it a test for a few of the finest players of league. It’s arguably tougher than the Rugby League World Cup since the games are more competitive because the World Cup features a range of games involving league playing countries that are poorer.


With teams from both the southern and northern hemisphere, the Four Nations attracts attention each side of the planet.


What are the Four Nations?

The Four Nations is a Rugby League tournament featuring teams from Australia, New Zealand, England and one. It was contested as the Gillette Rugby League Tri-Nations in 1999 and included the three countries in the game: New Zealand, Australia and Great Britain. In 2009 the contest was replaced with a Four Nations series, and England now competes rather than Great Britain, with an extra side being encouraged (rather the Pacific Cup Champions and the European Champions).


What occurs during the tournament that is rugby?

Played over a few weeks in October and November, the contest is in a ‘mini-league’ format with each team playing the other once (three matches each). The two teams go on to fight it out.


Where do these teams play?

The tournament is usually hosted by Ufabet a couple of the nations on a hemisphere basis. By way of instance, New Zealand and Australia will host games once the championship is played in the southern hemisphere, and the next tournament will be jointly hosted by England and another European country (usually France or Wales who are the most powerful other European countries).


What system is utilized in this tournament?

The points system


  • Win — 2 points


  • Draw — 1 point


  • Loss — 0 points


Both countries finishing in second and first place will contest the final. If the last is tied after 80 minutes or time that is standard the game goes to Golden Point the scorer of some points in time is declared the winner.


The Four Nations tournament’s future

The Four Nations tournament was held in France and England in 2009 and Australia and New Zealand in 2010, where Papua New Guinea was encouraged as winners of the Pacific Cup. Australia and New Zealand are inclined to dominate but it is hoped that the countries that are competing will catch up to create the tournaments a competitive battle.


Things You Need To Know Before Buying Pave Diamond Rings

Pave diamond rings are very distinctive and uniquely designed. They have tiny diamonds that are tightly and closely packed together that there is no band that is visible. These settings are made up of equally sized small diamonds that are in gold or platinum bands. This creates a fabulous sparkle which makes these rings very unique and beautiful. If you want to buy a pave diamond ring there are several things that you need to look out for so as to get a perfect one.


There are very many styles and designs of these rings that you can choose from. These styles include diamond cathedral, bezel pave setting, antique, halo, channel pave setting, stardust and tiffany pave settings. They may also be in full 1卡鑽石 pave setting or half pave. The prices of diamond pave rings vary according to the style, type of diamonds, the gold or platinum used in the band and the grades. When choosing a ring go for your favorite style which matches your budget. Ask your jeweler to help you choose the best style and design.


The quality of your ring is of great importance. Going for a pave diamond ring is proof enough that you are looking for quality and nothing less. High quality rings have the diamonds placed closely together showing very little metal. If the ring has its diamonds placed far apart then it is sub standard. High quality rings will have its stones evenly spaced to create a harmonious and continuous flow. This flow is what gives the ring the beauty and brilliance that it is supposed to have.


Like every other jewelery, a ring has to be fitting your finger comfortably. Pave diamond rings should not be sized up or down. Instead have your ring made in your exact size. Sizing the ring up and down loosens up the diamonds and they may start falling off with time. This is because these stones are either pronged or just pushed into the gold. You may not be able to get your ring instantly since it takes time to have your own ring made but in the long run it will be worth the waiting.


You are supposed to see the different stones clearly with the naked eye. If you can’t tell the difference among the tiny stones then do not go for that ring. If clarity is low the fire and brilliance of the ring is also affected. Remember, you are buying this type ring for its fire and brilliance. It is recommended that you do not buy a ring whose clarity range is below I1. Any range above this is good quality and will give you what you want.

The color

You need to choose the color of the gold that your diamonds will be set in. when you go to the jeweler ensure that if your stones are to be set on white gold then they should be color J and above. Why is this? Any color after J will be showing a yellow tint on a white gold setting.

The cut

The cut of your diamond ring determines its fire and brilliance. Ensure that the cut of every diamond is clear and perfect to get the best performance of your ring. If the cut is perfect the other characteristics are usually perfect too.

The weight

This should not be a big concern since these pave diamond rings are quite light despite the fact that they contain a multitude of tiny diamonds with 57 facets each.

Buying American Flags What You Should Know

So you’ve chosen to purchase an American banner. You Google “American Flags” and you see an amazing number of banner locales. The costs are everywhere and the portrayals leave you befuddled and uncertain you are settling on the best decision for your specific circumstance.

You’ve gone to the perfect spot. In this article, we’ll rapidly disclose to you what you have to know to settle on the best decision and to get a banner you’ll be pleased to claim and glad to fly.

Purchasing an American banner boils down to four primary contemplations:


  • Material
  • Size
  • Price
  • Country of Manufacture


Nation of Manufacture

Allows first take a gander at nation of production. For the vast majority this is a straightforward issue. American banners are accessible from numerous nations. Also, as you may have speculated, China is a colossal producer as is Mexico. In any case, for a great many people, buying a US banner that was made in another nation is out and out un-energetic. On the off chance that you are searching at the most reduced cost, a Chinese-settled on banner might be the correct decision bandiera a goccia for you. Something else, for only somewhat more cash, you can get a banner that is made right here in the USA.




Next, how about we take a gander at materials. The three essential materials used to make banners are cotton, polyester and nylon. Every ha explicit focal points. Also, contingent upon where you intend to fly your banner, a few materials might be more proper than others.


  • Cotton – cotton is a lovely texture. It is the favored decision for banners that will be shown inside. Hues can be rich and lively. Furthermore, as a result of cotton’s “body” the banner may have delicate streaming folds that look magnificent in an indoor setting.
  • Nylon – nylon banners are perfect for open air use. Nylon is lightweight and flies effectively in slight breezes. It can likewise be truly tough. SolarMax by DuPont, is the most mainstream banner nylon. Different nylons may appear to be identical, however are not really as sturdy or colorfast as SolarMax. Nylon banners will have a marginally translucent appearance which may diminish somewhat from their appearance.
  • Polyester – this present one’s dubious. Polyester banners can be the least expensive, OR the hardest banners you can purchase. By what means would this be able to be? Everything comes down to weight. For the most part, if a banner is cheap polyester, it will plainly say “Lightweight, printed polyester”. The two catchphrases “lightweight” and “printed” reveal to all of you have to know. For indoor presentation purposes where quality isn’t significant, one of these banners might be fine.
  • But on the off chance that you need the hardest banner made, you’ll need a “two-utilize or twofold weight” polyester banner. As the name proposes, these are made of a twofold thickness of texture. They additionally normally include sewn stripes and weaved stars – the most prominent style of banner assembling.

What Is an MAC 5500 HD ECG?

An electrocardiogram or ECG is a test widely used to assess and evaluate the status of the heart’s electrical conduction system. ECGs are done with a device called an electrocardiograph. An ECG is a graphical presentation of the electrical activity of the heart muscles and is measured by an ECG machine. The curvy lines in an ECG report represent the recordings of an ECG machine that read heart beats, display them on a monitor and can also print them out on paper. These readings are the tools for diagnosing abnormalities in the heart.

PC based ECG machines generally consist of a Digital ECG device with a cable that splits into individual wires called leads. Electrodes are attached to the end of each lead and are placed on a patient’s chest to record the heart’s electrical activity. The results of the ECG can be viewed directly on the PCs screen. They can also be transmitted through a wireless Soma Technology network to a computer for viewing at a different location. It is capable of storing several ECG readings, and displaying up to four separate results at the same time for comparison. The PC or server can be connected to a printer to produce a hard copy of the tracings. Advanced clinics now frequently use Wireless ECG. A physician who works in more than one clinic would prefer a Portable ECG or Mobile ECG.

ECG is one of the most important and readily available tools in cardiac diagnosis. It measures the rate and promptness of heartbeats as well as the size and position of the chambers, the presence of any damage to the heart, and the effects of devices used to regulate the heart, like a pacemaker and medications.

To perform an electrocardiogram, 10 ECG leads (electrodes) are attached to each limb and to 6 pre-defined points on the chest, while the patient lies flat on a bed. The skin is coated with a small amount of water or gel that permits the electrical signals of the heart to be more easily transmitted to the leads. This painless test continues for about 5 minutes and the results can be stored to and reviewed on a PC and to be printed if so desired. A quality electrocardiogram should be a 12 Lead ECG.

During ECG tracing, it is essential to be relaxed and relatively warm, because any motion, including muscle tremors such as shivering, will change the recording. Other factors affecting ECG results are movement or faulty position of the leads, disproportion of electrolytes in blood (such as too much or too little calcium, potassium, magnesium or sodium), and low body temperature.

Cut Foam and For What Purpose

This article sheds light on why to cut foam, which uses are there for cutting foam, the types of industries using foam cuts and what is the process of cutting. It also explains the types of foam used and the equipment involved in the process

There is a vast growth in demand for foam cutting nowadays, especially for fabrication and machining. The demand for foam cutting and machining is essential in various types of industries, including props, sculptures and monuments, boats, kayaks and canoes, signs, displays, proto types, and architectural shapes, crown moldings for construction, packaging insulations and wings.

Companies cutting foam need to use top of the line cutting equipment to offer a wide range of foam cutting services. The cutting can be done either by using a CNC hot wire foam cutter, or a CNC laser cutter. The hot wire can cut almost any thickness of foam, and up to 12 feet projects and more; day rut nhua While the laser cutter is cable of cutting very thin cuts (up to ¾”), manufacturing a high-quality surface finish. The decision of whether to use the laser or the hot wire cutters is based on the type of foam (for example, Polyurethane, also known as PU foam can only be cut with the laser), on the thickness and the size of the foam to be cut.

Most CNC hot wire foam cutters are capable of cutting EPS foam (also called Expanded Polystyrene), EPP foam (called Expanded Polypropylene) and XPS foam (Extruded Polystyrene).

The smaller foam cutters will usually cut wings, fuselages, logos and letters. The medium foam cutters will cut similar shapes to small ones, with the addition of being able to cut crown moldings and trims used in the architectural industries, while the large foam cutting machines are used mostly by construction contractors and large sign manufacturers.

Laser cutters and engravers can cut various types of foam, including Polyurethane, mainly for packaging, insulation and gun cases; Polyethylene or EVA foam for creating 3D shapes, packaging and tool trays; Polystyrene for packaging, crown moldings, signs and props; Polycarbonate (also known as Plexiglas) for cutting and engraving and MDF for vacuum molding forms.

If the materials to be cut are wood or light metals, the use of a CNC router is necessary.

The different cutting machines differ in their dimensions and size, including their effective cutting on the X axis (horizontal) and the Y axis (vertical), their hot wire length, and other features such as cutting speed capabilities, how many blocks of foam can be cut in one single cut and the type of cuts made (tapered or not tapered).

For projects requiring machining foam or fabrication of foam there is a need to use CNC routers or a combo of a CNC hot wire foam cutter with a router system. Full scale racing cars, 3D topographic maps (up to 10’x5’x20″ on a single cut), props and art work can all be machined, and foam molds can also be created.

All of the cutting machines are CNC, which means they are controlled by a computer and come with specialized cutting software.

The process of cutting the foam involves specialized files that include the shape drawing. For 2D shapes a DXF file is required, while for 3D shapes an STL file is needed, which allows to rotate the shape and see all the angles of it for better accuracy.

Auto Parts Dropshippers – Profit by Selling Auto Parts on eBay

if you are like me, you went out and acquired your new mustang because you wanted it. simple and simple, you saw it and desired it so you bought it. then your riding down the street and also you see the equal genuine mustang that you acquire next to you. wow, what a blow huh. nicely with a little imagination you may be that one among a type. you must think about purchasing a few aftermarket car elements. this will set you other than the rest. a little creativeness, your own character, a little work and your mustang can be special. there are numerous aftermarket car parts for the mustang nowadays. clearly there are an countless quantity of objects.

there are lots of factors you can do to tailor your car on your own character. maybe you may start by means of adding some indoors add-ons. billet accessories are a super manner to beautify the look. start out with some objects such as dash control knobs, door locks, door handles, walking boards. those are constantly an amazing place to begin, salvage auto parts because you could see the outcomes fast. then you may move onto outside accessories like matrix headlamps, tinted or clean taillights. these are all items you can deploy very without problems and will set you other than all of the other fashions like yours.

i have continually stated a pleasing set of oem wheels are usually a brilliant way to explicit you taste, and all you want to do is purchase them and feature them mounted. also a pleasant set of tires to go along with. don’t forget to purchase a fixed of tires that will mount for your wheels, in addition to being correct for your type of riding situations. i commonly recommend that you preserve you inventory rims and tires for the winter months if you drive it 12 months spherical and stay in the north. then you could look into some aftermarket suspension. constantly seems first-rate to decrease it a bit. gives you that fantastic handling and a pleasing look.

now here is the element in which you could want to have a few aftermarket overall performance upload ons. this is wherein you revel in the excitement whilst you hit the gas pedal. gadgets consisting of cat lower back exhaust structures, headers, cold air intakes, laptop chips and even a supercharger. there are numerous manufacturers that make superchargers that mount at once to you engine and with a touch pc programming, and some gadgets covered in the package, you’re whistling down the street. and you could nonetheless use it as a day by day driver. however you may even consider taking it to the drag strip to peer what type times you may run with it within the sector mile.

there are a number of aftermarket car components you should buy and set up to your own. a little homework earlier than you start the assignment and you’re exact to go. additionally loads of providers have detailed commands at the how to. i locate it very pleasant to do the work myself. you get the feeling that you did it all! and it’s far constantly an awesome verbal exchange piece. even though, when you have now not tried whatever like this before, i continually recommend a professional to do the deploy.

in case you need an concept of in which to begin or what to do as for aftermarket auto elements, there is an infinite quantity of tech boards out there with the intention to explore. also attend vehicle indicates at your local soda save. maximum automobile display human beings are willing to share their memories. exit and get a few mustang aftermarket auto parts nowadays and get going. you cannot go incorrect here. trust me, you’ll experience the benefits of doing so.

How Video Chat and Webcam Chat Work in Today’s Technology

With recent refinements of Flash and Java/AJAX, webcam chat systems can be handled, cross-platform in browsers. Like language barriers and cultural barriers, system platform barriers are beginning to fade away quickly.

Random video chat systems were the first apparition of this new form of online video chat, and were for the most part a toy. They did however provide some useful variety-rich communication and interaction environment with a high level of safety due to distance.

However, now more direct, predetermined group video chat systems are becoming popular. These free webcam chat sites are springing up like dandelions and are becoming quite popular. Where there once had to be complicated and often unreliable conference calls and video chat sessions set up with programs dedicated to it, now it’s much easier. These clients often never worked, or had issues between platforms, ISPs or any number of other variables.

The ease of this is helping to make the technology much more practical. As video compression math gets increasingly better, this trend will continue. But, have you ever wondered how this technology works, or why it was difficult to make it work the way it does now until very recently?

It’s actually not that complicated. Webcam chat systems actually pretty much work the same way as old streaming video which public video sites use to this day. A connection is established, and the video data is sent in bits of data called “packets” in a finite amount. Every so many seconds, a certain amount of video is in the memory, called a “buffer”, and played on the screen.

With free video chat services on web pages, there are just two of these. One of them is capturing your video stream and sending it to the other end of the conversation. At the same time, there is another stream coming right to the video area on your end. So really, it’s just two live streams between exclusive machines.

But, consider the nature of show it  video. An image over cable internet takes a few seconds to receive and render. Double that for sending it to another person to receive and view. Now, with webcam chat, you have video, which is many, many images and sound at the same time. This is a heavy thing. Web browsers used to not have the power to handle this. At one time, even bandwidth restrictions were present.

All this in mind, it’s not surprising that while the video phone concept has been a long time predicted and awaited, its current incarnation wasn’t really possible until near the end of the past decade. It will be very interesting to see what continued improvement of bandwidth computing power and browser capacity will make this able to do in the future. Only time will tell, of course.